We recently conducted 18 interviews with stakeholders from across these social sector, including sector leaders working in foundations, charities, public sector, cross-sector organisations, professional services firms from across the UK. These interviews form the basis of a series of snapshots – looking at the issues which matter today , of which this is the first.
In 2016 most charities didn’t think Brexit would affect them
The fieldwork for our State of the Sector research took place in the immediate aftermath of the UK’s vote to leave the European Union.
In those first weeks, most charities we spoke to felt Brexit would have little impact on them. Only 36% of respondents thought it would adversely impact upon the cohesion of the communities they worked in. 63% said that Brexit would have no effect—positive or negative—on demand for services.
Two years later, charities are still uncertain and feel powerless
Many of the charity leaders we spoke to found it difficult to comment on the exact impact of Brexit on the sector, in large part due to continuing uncertainty surrounding negotiations at the time of asking. Without knowing what Brexit might look like, many have not taken concrete steps to prepare. A sense of powerlessness pervades many of these interviews:
None of us really understand the implications or long-term impact, we’re all trying to make sense of it… it’s going to be a long burn and by the time we really realise the impact it will be too late to do anything about it… we aren’t doing anything practical about it at the moment.
Government is consumed by Brexit
Respondents were particularly concerned about the wider ‘policy vacuum’ this creates, with parliamentarians and civil servants seemingly distracted to the exclusion of all else:
My biggest worry [about Brexit and the sector] is distraction in Government from the issues people are facing… instead everyone is thinking about trade agreements and medicine stockpiling, while there is a policy vacuum on many of the policy issues that charities are dealing with.
Does this policy vacuum provide opportunities at a local level?
Charities’ normal channels of communications with decision makers have just dried up, everything is seen through the lens of Brexit, but some campaigning charities have worked around this with their local supporters and networks.
Practical concerns: funding and employees
Some charity leaders are worried about the impact on their current and future staff from the EU. Others are concerned about their funding streams, and detect reticence to launch new programmes or services when there is such uncertainty about future funding.
There’s a hell of a lot of uncertainty, we haven’t really talked about implications but there is just an acceptance that there will be less funding down the line… there’s so many unknowns, it feels like larger organisations are holding back on launching new programmes until they see what the lie of the land is next year [after Brexit].
We are concerned about European staff and whether they can stay in their roles, and about talent stream coming in.
There is significant uncertainty about policy, service provision, and funding in a range of areas relevant to charities post Brexit. Funders can help organisations adapt to the changing environment with unrestricted funding.
Despite the uncertainty, shouldn’t the sector be doing more?
A number of respondents felt strongly that investment may have been frozen by uncertainty, but the sector could more proactively speak up and out about Brexit and its implications for communities and individuals. The worry about lack of voice often went hand in hand with a concern that charities could do more to improve social cohesion in areas of division and deprivation.
The charity sector has been missing from Brexit discussions, it isn’t all about trade… Brexit is symptom and not a cause… Charities at the local level have significant role to play not just in delivering services but also in understanding how we got here…
One went further, arguing that the sector should see not see itself as blameless in the social and cultural division that erupted into the mainstream following the referendum.
The Government and the charity sector had a role in letting those places go to wreck, and there’s a role for the charity sector to help support those areas that have been left behind… There is a massive place-based opportunity, I don’t think charities do nearly enough to help those places.
Do charities understand Brexit voting communities? Certainly, many are concerned about speaking on the issue because of a perceived disconnect between their position and the views of the beneficiaries.
NPC’s plans for 2019
Despite Brexit being just around the corner there is still very little certainty. What we do know is that it is vital for the sector to understand what others are thinking and doing on this, and the other defining issues we face. That is why we created State of the Sector in 2017, why we have produced this series of snapshots and why we are currently looking for partners for State of the Sector 2.
Our aim is to commission a second round of in-depth quantitative and qualitative research followed up by a range of written, spoken and visual outputs that test existing assumptions, capture emerging trends and challenge the sector to improve. Please get in touch if you are interested in supporting this work.
For more on our work related to Brexit, read more about the Transition Advice Fund, Building the capacity of the voluntary sector to help people who need additional support applying for settled status in Britain, and our Place based work on building local identity with charities and funders involvement.